The Ultimate Table of Formats-- Aspect Ratios

Name Originator Year Format AR Frame Area
Introduced Abandoned
Kinetoscope Edison/W. K. L. Dickson 1894 1896 4-35 1.33:1 1.000x0.750
Vitascope C. F. Jenkins/T. Armat 1895 N/A 4-35 1.33:1 1.000x0.750
Ciné Lumi&232re Brothers 1895 N/A 4-35 1.33:1 1.000x0.750
Eidoloscope Woodville Latham & Sons 1895 1897 4-51 N/A N/A
Demeny-Gaumont/Prestwich Georges Demeny 1896 N/A 4-60 1.4:1 1.750x1.250
Viventoscope Blair 1897 N/A 1-48 1.5:1 1.500x1.000
Veriscope Enoch Rector 1897 N/A 5-63 1.66:1 1.875x1.125
Biograph American Biograph Co. 1897 N/A 0-68 1.35:1 2.625x1.938
1900 N/A 4-35 N/A N/A
Lumiè Wide Film Lumiè Brothers 1900 N/A 8-75 N/A N/A
Ciné (a.k.a. Ciné) Raoul Grimoin-Sanson 1900 1900 10x4-70 360° N/A
Pathé KOK/Pathescope Pathé 1912 N/A 4-28 1.33:1 N/A
Panoramica Filoteo Alberini 1914 N/A 5-70 2.52:1 N/A
1924 N/A 10-35H 2.52:1 N/A
Widescope J. D. Elms 1921 1925 2x4-35 N/A N/A
Pathé Baby Pathé 1923 - 1-9.5 1.33:1 N/A
16mm Kodak 1923 - 1-16 1.34:1 0.380x0.284
Pathé Rural Pathé 1926 N/A 1-17.5 1.33:1 N/A
Natural Vision Radio-Keith-Orpheum 1926 1930 6-63.5 1.85:1 N/A
Magnascope Paramount 1926 1953 4-35 N/A N/A
Hypergonar Henri Chré 1927 1937 4-35A2.0 2.66:1 1.000x0.750
Polyvision Abel Gance 1927 1927 3x4-35 N/A N/A
Grandeur 20th Century Fox 1929 1931 4-70 2:1 N/A
Magnafilm Paramount/L. de Riccio N/A 1930 4-56 2:1 N/A
Realife Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 1930 1931 4-70 2:1 N/A
Vitascope Warner Brothers 1930 1930 5-65 2:1 N/A
Academy Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences 1932 - 4-35 1.37:1 0.825x0.602
Double-8 Kodak 1932 - 1-8 1.36:1 0.182x0.134
Cinerama Cinerama Inc./Fred Waller 1952 1972 3x6-35 2.72:1 3x0.985x1.088
CinemaScope 20th Century Fox 1953 1957 4-35A2.0 2.55:1 0.912x0.715
2.35:1 0.898x0.715
Glamorama N/A 1953 1953 10-35H N/A N/A
VistaVision Paramount 1954 1961 8-35H 1.5:1 1.485x0.991
Todd-AO Michael Todd/American Optical Co. 1955 - 5-70 2.2:1 2.072x0.906
Circarama Walt Disney 1955 1961 9/11x1-16 360° N/A
CinemaScope-55 20th Century Fox 1956 1958 8-55.625A2.0 2.35:1 1.430x1.824
4-35A2.0 2.55:1 0.912x0.715
4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Technirama Technicolor 1956 1967 4-35A2.0 2.55:1 0.912x0.715
2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Cinestage N/A 1956 N/A 4-35A1.56 2.2:1 0.912x0.685
Kinopanorama Russia 1957 - 3x6-35 2.77:1 N/A
M-G-M Camera-65 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 1957 1966 5-70A1.25 2.76:1 2.072x0.906
5-65A1.25 2.76:1 2.072x0.906
4-35A2.0 2.55:1 0.912x0.715
4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
CineMiracle Louis de Rochemont 1958 1961 3x6-35 2.55:1 N/A
Smith & Carney 180° Smith & Carney 1958 N/A 4-35 N/A N/A
Circlorama N/A 1958 1964 11x4-35 360° N/A
Super Technirama 70 Technicolor 1958 N/A 5-70 2.2:1 N/A
4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Panavision Panavision 1959 - 4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Super Panavision Panavision 1959 N/A 5-70 2.2:1 N/A
4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Wonderama Arc 120 Technicolor 1960 N/A 4-35 2.64:1 N/A
Cine-System 3 U.S.A.F. 1960 N/A 1-3 1.33:1 N/A
Techniscope Technicolor 1963 N/A 4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Ultra Panavision Panavision/M-G-M 1963 1968 5-70A1.25 2.7:1 N/A
4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Dimension 150 Todd-AO/20th Century Fox 1963 1970 5-70 150° N/A
4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
Super 8 Kodak 1965 - 1-8 1.36:1 0.215x0.158
Super 16 Kodak 1970 - 1-16 1.66:1 0.464x0.2806
1.85:1 0.464x0.2516
Todd-AO 35 Todd-AO 1971 N/A 4-35A2.0 2.35:1 0.839x0.715
IMAX IMAX Corporation 1970 - 15-70H 1.43:1 2.740x1.910
OMNIMAX IMAX Corporation 1973 - 15-70H Ovoid 2.740x1.980
Circlevision Walt Disney N/A - 5x4-35 200° N/A
Cinema 180 Omni Films N/A - 5-70 180° N/A
Showscan Douglas Trumbull 1984 - 5-70 N/A N/A
Iwerks 870 Iwerks Entertainment N/A - 8-70 N/A N/A
Ultra Toruscope Torus Films N/A - 3x5-70 360° N/A

Footnotes:

  1. N/A signifies that verified information for this category is not currently available.
  2. AR is an abbreviation for Aspect Ratio - the ratio of the width of the image to its height, expressed in the form x:1.
  3. A dash in the year abandoned column indicates the format is still in use.
  4. The frame area is expressed in inches.
  5. The film format is expressed using the following notation:
    nxp-mmAc.c Where nx, if present, is the number of film strips, e.g. 3x for Cinerama;
    p is the number of perforations in one film margin per frame (except centre perf. formats), e.g. 5 for Todd-AO;
    mm is the width of the film in millimetres, e.g. 55.625 for CinemaScope-55;
    Ac.c, if present, indicates that the image is anamorphically expanded from the film by expansion factor c.c, e.g. A2.0 for CinemaScope;
    and H, if present, denotes a horizontally-running format, e.g. 8-35H for VistaVision.
  6. Super 16 prints are rarely made. Dimensions given refer to extraction areas for blowing up to 35mm release prints.